Voice of China Fishery Vol. 01
MARA published the Key Points of Fisheries Management and Administration in 2020 of China
Introduction: Due to the wide-spread of coronavirus, the Key Points of Fisheries Management and Administration in 2020 was published later than in previous years. According to the document, the supply-side structural reform and high-quality development are still the main focuses of the fisheries development.
The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs (Hereafter referred to MARA) issued the Key Points of Fisheries Management and Administration on March 6th. The main topics are as follows:
- Steadily supplying aquatic products during the COVID-19 outbreak
- Accelerating the green-development of aquaculture industry
- Integratedly developing the primary, the secondary, and the tertiary industry of fishery
- Strengthening the fish resources protection and aquatic ecosystem restoration
- Reinforcing the fishery’s reform and innovation
- Encouraging international cooperation
- Promoting the legal construction and law enforcement
- Alleviating poverty alleviation in fishery industry and supporting Tibet and Xinjiang
The reform in fisheries fuel subsidy, high-quality development in distant-water fisheries, strengthening fishery multilateral cooperation, and the promotion of amendments to the Fisheries Law are included in the document.
As for the reform in fisheries fuel subsidy, highlighted in the document, another round of reform schemes will be introduced soon based on the summary of the implementation of the first round of reforms. The tasks of upgrading, refitting and reduction of fishing vessels, as well as the shift of production and career transition of fishermen shall be completed on schedule.
For the distant-water fisheries, the newly amended Provisions for the Administration of Distant-water Fisheries shall be strictly implemented to launch the trial of distant-water fishing companies’ compliance with international conventions. The Provisions also stated the need to strengthen the standard management of distant-water fishing, to explore new fishing grounds, and to progressively construct distant-water fishery bases.
(sources: Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs)
The new edition Provisions for the Administration of Distant-water Fisheries was published and implemented on Apr 1st
Introduction: The new edition of Provisions for the Administration of Distant-water Fisheries” demonstrates that China has further adapted to the international rules in distant-water fishery (DWF) management.
MARA published the new edition of Provisions for the Administration of Distant-water Fisheries, which was implemented from Apr 1st. Compared with the 2003’s version, it incorporated the “blacklist” system to punish illegal DWF vessels. Additionally, it makes each step of DWF management much clearer, removing redundant paper-based procedures. Besides, some subtle changes in the wordings also reveal how China has changed in the way of managing DWF, such as from “China encourages and assists DWF development” to “China supports and promotes DWF sustainable development”.
Information technology helps the fishery industry with production safety during the COVID-19 outbreak
Introduction: Because of the COVID-19 pandemic, fishermen saw their fishing activities greatly reduced. As the situation alleviated, they are eager to return to work, adding more risks on the fishery safety management. Indeed, the reasonable and innovative use of IT tools successfully guaranteed all fishermen’s safety.
During the COVID-19 pandemic saw the government take measures to secure fishers’ fishing activities. Measures include using “Yugangtong” fishing port administration APP and fishery safety and salvation information system, enforcing entering and exiting port reporting system and bihourly check-in system, improving offline and online supervision during bad weathers, and prompting online regulation.
(Sources: China Aquaculture)
MARA: Implementing Green-aquaculture development through five actions
Introduction: This corresponds to the green-development of aquaculture industry in Key Points of Fisheries Management and Administration in 2020
On Apr. 1st, MARA has decided to implement “five actions” to achieve green-aquaculture.
- Promoting ecological and healthy aquaculture
- Encouraging the Recirculating Aquaculture System and other models
- Building more than 200 eco-model demonstration sites
- Promoting wastewater treatment system for aquaculture
- Disseminating 5 key technical models
- Building more than 100 demonstration sites
- Promoting veterinary medicine abatement
- Building more than 300 sites to promote veterinary medicine abatement
- Reaching at least 5 percent year-on-year decrease of medicine use and 10 percent year-on-year decrease of antibiotics use at each site
- Replacing trash fish with compound feed
- Building more than 50 sites in 12 provinces to promote the use of compound feed to replace trash fish
- Setting targets for replacement rate of compound feed rather than trash fish fed to a few species, like large yellow croaker and swimming crab at each site
- Improving the qualities of aquaculture seed
- Building more than 100 sites to develop new species and strains
- Promoting more than 20 kinds of new and safe varieties with high quality and multi-resistance.
(Sources: China Aquaculture)
【Aquatic Resources Preservation】
The last four-month fishing moratorium before the “Ten-year ban” in Yangtze River onsets
Introduction: The year of 2020 is the key for implementing the ten-year ban in the Yangtze river. The effect of this fishing moratorium directly impacts the implementation of policy of aquatic biodiversity protection area and the ten-year ban.
On Mar 1st, the last four-month fishing moratorium before the “Ten- year ban” in the Yangtze River onsets. At the same time, the Yellow River and Pearl River also went into the fishing moratorium period. MARA with other two ministries published the document last year on implementing the “Ten-year ban” in the Yangtze River formally. During this period, any commercially fishing-related activities would be banned. Recreational fishing activities will be allowed with certificate.
Turtle, bullfrog, and other amphibious animals are managed as aquatic animals, causing controversy
Introduction: The wide-spread of coronavirus has caused an intense discussion regarding wild animal-related policies and reforms, and this “turtle and bullfrog” one is an example. Since any slight changes would influence the entire industry, the government has made a thorough consideration before publishing each policy. However, some farmed aquatic species still remain controversial.
The Standing Committee of National People’s Congress has passed the Decision to Comprehensively Prohibit the Illegal Trade of Wild Animals, Break the Bad Habit of Excessive Consumption of Wild Animals, and Effectively Secure the Life and Health of the People on Feb 24. Then, MARA and the National Forestry and Grassland Administration both published notices to include some farmed turtles into the List of National Key Protected Aquatic Animal and Plant Resources and New Aquatic Amphibious and Reptile Animals. Farming of those listed aquatic animals will hopefully be deemed as legal, which relieves the farmers’ anxiety. However, farmers of those not listed are still waiting for a clear answer with uncertainty of their future. Meanwhile, others are worried that including amphibious and reptiles into aquatic animals may damage wild species population, as monitoring and management will be more difficult.
National aquatic products B2B platform benefits farmers during the outbreak of COVID-19
Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic caused information gap between the supply side and demand side of aquatic products. The platform was designed to solve the problem. Having quality assurance or not can be a problem worth noticing for such online platform of production and selling.
During the COVID-19 outbreak, an APP National Aquatic Products B2B Platform created by China Aquatic Product Processing and Marketing Alliance was put into use on Feb 19th, under the instruction from MARA. The platform has engaged aquaculture companies, capture fishery companies, processors, wholesalers, supermarkets and online sellers, and collected precise product information to connect buyers and sellers of aquatic products and seeds.
Until Mar. 23th, the platform has already facilitated deals of more than 340 tons, benefiting over 90 companies.
Translation: Li Runtong (Tony)
Edit: Han Han, Zhang Jiateng, Yu Shuangying